Appropriated Retained Earnings
Any unappropriated retained earnings that are specifically not to be used for dividend payments. Appropriated retained earnings can be used for many purposes, such as improving infrastructure, R&D or marketing. They are not passed on directly to shareholders in any form.
Any amount of appropriated retained earnings that are not used for such purposes are then poured back into dividend payments. For example, a company uses $10 million of appropriated retained earnings to build a new factory. But the cost of the factory comes in under budget, so the firm will allocate the remaining funds back into the unappropriated retained earnings.
Investment dictionary. Academic. 2012.
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